Stephen M. Hart

Stephen M. Hart

Partner vCard
602.734.4009 fax
201 East Washington Street
Suite 1200
Phoenix, AZ 85004

Steve Hart is a nationally recognized attorney, practicing in the areas of Indian Law, Gaming Law, and Corporate and Government Relations.  Mr. Hart represents Tribes and Tribal  Gaming Commissions throughout the Western United States. He also represents corporations and other business entities in their efforts to shape and comply with government regulations. 

Mr. Hart served as the Director of the Arizona Department of Gaming during the Jane Hull administration.  He led the Department through Sunset legislation, budget crises and  high profile gaming investigations. In addition, he served as Governor Hull’s personal legal advisor on Indian gaming and was on the Governor’s team for negotiation of new Tribal-State gaming compacts  with the 22 Tribal governments in Arizona. His work for the State of Arizona culminated with the  December 2002 signing of new gaming compacts in Arizona.  After the signing of the compacts, he  returned to private practice and has been representing Tribes throughout the United States  on a variety of gaming matters, including gaming ordinances, financings, tribal/state compacts,  development and management agreements, land into trust and Indian lands determinations.

Success Stories

Memberships & Affiliations

  • Learn Yes, Chairman
  • Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians Tribal Court, Member
  • Intertribal Court Bar, Member
  • Indian Law Section of the State Bar of Arizona, Past Chairman
  • Arizona Indian Gaming Association, Member
  • International Masters of Gaming Law, Member
  • American Bar Association, Member

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Related Events

Past Events


  • Presenter, “When Will the Tribes be Able to Operate Sports Betting?” Western Indian Gaming Conference, February 2018
  • Presenter, "Recent Court Decisions in Indian Country: Lewis, Patchak, Carcieri and Beyond," International Masters of Gaming Law Panel, March 2018  
  • Presenter, "The Evolution of Tribal/State Compacts in California," 22nd Annual Western Indian Gaming Conference, February 2017
  • Moderator, "Tribal Gaming Legal Issues with States," Winter Meeting of the National Council of Legislators from Gaming States, January 2017
  • Presenter, "Tribal-State Gaming Issues a Hot Topic for Legislators, Regulators", NCLGS 2016 Winter Meeting, December 2016
  • Presenter, “Online Gaming in Indian Country,” American Bar Association: 20th Annual National Institute on the Gaming Law Minefield, February 2016
  • Presenter, "The State of Compacting in California – Takeaways From Recent Gaming Compacts," Western Indian Gaming Conference, February 2016
  • Program Co-Chair and Presenter, "State Legislative Trends,” Law Seminars International: The Third Annual Conference on Legal Issues for Tribal Online Gambling, May 2015
  • Thought-Leader, “Open Space: Tribal and Regional Gaming,” GiGse Totally Gaming, April 2015
  • Presenter, "Tribal State Gaming Compacts - Lessons Learned" and "Internet Gaming - Point, Counterpoint," Western Indian Gaming Conference, February 2015
  • Presenter, "iGaming in Indian County: Federal, State and Tribal Developments" and "State of California Tribal Compact Negotiations: Past, Present & Future," California Gaming Law Summit, January 2015
  • Moderator, "Regulatory - Don't Get Called for Illegal Procedure Because You Weren't Up on the Latest Issues Facing Gaming Operations and Regulations," 2014 Arizona Indian Gaming Association EXPO, November 2014
  • Presenter, "Indian County Series: Advances in Technology," International Masters of Gaming Law 2014 Spring Conference, April 2014
  • Program Co-Chair and Presenter, "State Legislative Trends and Update on Currently Pending State Legislation" and "Tribal-State Compacts: Determining the Extent to Which Tribes Need to Negotiate Updated Terms to Accommodate Internet Gaming,” Law Seminars International: The Second Annual Conference on Legal Issues for Tribal Online Gambling, April 2014
  • Presenter, "Getting the Lay of the Land," iGaming Legislative Symposium, February 2014
  • Presenter, "Tribal Government: Joint Power Agreements," and "Internet Gaming," Western Indian Gaming Conference, February 2014
  • Presenter, "End of the Road or New Opportunity? Renegotiating Compacts," Global Gaming Expo, September 2013
  • Presenter, "Compact Renegotiations: Considerations and Opportunities," Arizona Indian Gaming Association Second Annual Tribal Leader Retreat, August 2013
  • Program Co-Chair and Presenter, "Recent and Likely Future Legislative and Other Legal Developments," and "Tribal-State Compacting and Internet Gaming," Law Seminars International: Tribal Online Gambling, April 2013
  • Presenter, "General Session Seminars: Internet Poker," Western Indian Gaming Conference, February 2013
  • Presenter, "State of Gaming: Internet Gaming - Internet Poker Regulatory and Operational Challenges," Arizona Indian Gaming Association Doing Business in Indian Country, November 2012
  • Presenter, "Issues in Compacting," National Indian Gaming Association's 2012 Tradeshow and Convention, April 2012
  • Presenter, "Tribal Gaming from a Competition Perspective," iGaming North American 2012 Conference, March 2012
  • Presenter, "Internet Gaming - Where Are We? Where Are We Going?," Western Indian Gaming Conference, February 2012
  • Presenter, “What’s Happening in Indian Gaming?,” International Masters of Gaming Law, May 2011
  • Presenter, “Tribal Gaming: Legal and Regulatory Update,” Florida Gaming Summit, October 2010
  • Presenter, “Enforcement of MICS and Corresponding Policies and Procedures in Indian Casino Environment,” Western Indian Gaming Association,” January 2010
  • Presenter, "Trends in Recent Tribal/State Gaming Compacts," Indian Country's Winning Hand: 20 Years of IGRA Conference, October 2008



  • The Best Lawyers in America - Woodward/White, Aiken, S.C. - Gaming Law and Native American Law, 2005-2017
  • Martindale-Hubbell - "AV/Preeminent Attorney" Rating
  • Chambers USA - Native American Law, 2018

Other Info


J.D., University of California, Berkeley, School of Law, 1985
B.A., University of California, Berkeley, 1980

Bar Admissions

Jamul Indian Village, 2013
Rincon Tribe, 2010
Yurok Tribe, 2009
Yavapai-Apache Tribe, 2007
Arizona, 1985

Court Admissions

U.S. Court of Appeals, for the Ninth Circuit
U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona
Intertribal Court of Southern California